I started working on this build in the fall buying the parts up until now. I have waited to finish the build before I made the guide for it. So far It's fast and works great with no errors. I'm gonna explain why I chose what parts I did and why.
Ryzen: With the launch of Ryzen, it opened back up competition between both AMD and Intel. What stood out to me about Ryzen was the Core to Thread ratio. I liked the idea of multi tasking with several applications and I was on a budget to make the computer under $1000. I settled on the Ryzen 5 series for it's ability to do well with games and other applications. I wanted to go for the 1600X for a little bit more performance, but the Ryzen 5 1600 was a far better deal for performance and price.
Graphics Card: It's been really hard to make a budget computer with a good card with the crypto mining GPU craze. I originally was gonna get a GTX 1050 Ti, but with how quickly the price changed on me the day before I was gonna order it, I had to look again. I finally found the RX 560 OC Edition from MSI. The card was the exact same price I was gonna pay for the 1050 Ti before the price went up. I opened up CInebench and the RX 560 averaged around 100 fps
Motherboard: I wanted to get a full motherboard. I wanted a lot of features with the board but cared not about anything fancy and high priced. I settled on the Asus B350-Prime for it's ability to overclock and it's several PCIe Lanes.
Case: I don't really understand why everyone needs to get the big heavy cases with tempered glass. I just wanted something to appeal to the eye and be simple and be cheap but great quality. I found myself to Rosewill and found this one that seemed to do just fine. It is very open and has several places for upgrade. I do criticize for the fact that cable management gets a little hard with a full sized board.
RAM, Drive, Etc: RAM was simple to me, I wanted 16GB for now with the ability to upgrade over time. Drives were the same way so for now I settled on a Seagate 2TB HDD. I want to get an SSD later on as I can upgrade the computer. For cooling you'd expect for me to use the included wraith cooler from the Ryzen 5 1600, but I wanted to use the Corsair H60. Power supply was something more serious than everything else. After using a power calculator and even the PC part picker list to show the total power, I still wanted a fully modular power supply and I didn't want something overkill that the system doesn't need. I chose 450W Bronze Certified and so far it works well. The fan is quiet but really the only fans you hear are the front case fans that are loud and that I need to go into the settings and turn down because damn.
Final Thoughts: It turned out to be an amazing build and with it being my first i'm really happy and proud. This in doubt was a fun experience.
UPDATE NOTES: 6/20/18
It's been a few months since the build has been complete and I've done quite a few things to the computer. I overclocked the CPU to 3.9 GHz respectively and added some more storage. (Simple laptop drive I could easily swap if I needed it)
I've stated before that I will be upgrading parts and I've so far come up with my list.
The CPU, PSU, and Motherboard will remain the same. I will be adding an SSD and transfer windows files and editing programs over for faster speeds. I will be adding more RAM. (Debating on adding another 16 or 2x4GB sticks. I will be changing the liquid cooler to a Corsair H100I V2 liquid cooler for more efficient cooling for my overclocked processor (The H60 still manages to hold up incredibly well, but I will be using it for another computer.) And last I will be trying to upgrade to a GTX 1060